A primary headache disorder that is characterized by frequent moderate to severe headaches defines a migraine. Migraines are pulsating in nature and affect generally only half of the human head. The migraines last for approximately 3 days. Some of the common symptoms include but are not limited to sensitivity to smell, sound or to light, nausea and vomiting. Physical activities worsen the migraine pain. Generally, 1/3 of the population that experience migraine headaches have aura. This is defined as a typical short period of time that includes visual disturbance. The visual disturbance generally means that a migraine headache will soon occur. On occasion, an aura will occur with little to no migraine at all.
A migraine headache high point nc is sometimes due to a common mixture of genetic and environmental factors. Two-thirds of the migraine cases run with family genetics. Migraines affect girls more so than boys and generally changing hormone levels can play a role with these headaches. Pregnancy usually decreases the risk of migraine headaches. The underlying causes of this is not yet known. Migraines are believed to involve the brain nerves and its blood vessels.
Some recommended treatments are pain medications such has paracetamol or ibuprofen, nausea medications for the vomiting that may occur and to avoid any of the know triggers. Triptans or Ergotamines can be used against migraine headaches if the simple pain medications are not successful in the treatment. Topiramate, metoprolol, and valproate are sometimes used to prevent the migraine attacks if the others are not successful. 15% of people worldwide are affected by migraine headaches. Often, the headaches start with puberty and increases with age. It gets worse with middle age women more so than men. Migraines are one of the most common causes of disability.
Migraines have autonomic symptoms. These symptoms cause severe headaches. Aura is one of the symptoms. A migraine that is longer than 3 days is known as status migrainosus. There are four phases to a migraine headache. The prodromal, aura, pain and then postdrome phase. The prodromal phase occurs days or hours before the migraine. The aura phase happens immediately and always precedes the migraine. The pain phase is also known as the headache phase and the postdrome phase is the effects that happen after the migraine is essentially over.
The underlying causes for migraine headaches are unknown still to this day and age. A common medical wives’ tale is that migraines only occurred in highly intelligent individuals, but research has shown that this is actually not the case. Psychological disorders are also associated with the migraine headaches. These disorders include: 1) Bipolar disorder, 2) Depression, 3) Anxiety and 4) Other neurology triggers.
Preventative treatments of migraine headaches are numerous today, including chiropractic regular adjustments (such as the body’s alignment, especially the spine), medications (over the counter and prescribed), nutritional supplements, surgery and lifestyle adjustments, including diet. Migraine pain has also been shown to be associated with Calcitonin gene related peptides. Transcranial magnetic stimulation has also shown much promise in curing migraine headaches. Transcutaneous supraorbital nerve stimulation has also been associated with helping with migraine pain.